Classic European music staff notation
How the sheet notes are written and read from classic era till today

Clefs

  1. Treble (G)
    K:treble G8
  2. Bass (F)
    K:bass F,8
  3. Baritone (F)
    K:bass3 F,8
  4. Tenor (C)
    K:tenor c,8
  5. Alto (C)
    K:alto c,8
  6. Mezzosoprano (C)
    K:alto2 c,8
  7. Soprano (C)
    K:alto1 c,8

Note pitch

Natural (G)

G8
K:Gb =G8

Sharp (G#)

^G8
K:Gb ^^G8

Flat (Gb)

_G8
K:C# __G8

Ascending

A A# B C C# D D# E F F# G G# A

A,^A,B,C^CD^DEF^FG^GA

Descending

A Ab G Gb F E Eb D Db C B Bb A

a,_a,G_GFE_ED_DCB,_B,A,

Note values (durations)

Whole note = 2 half notes = 4 quarter notes = 8 eighth notes = 16 sixteenth notes

M:4/4 |G8|G4A4|G2A2B2c2|GDGDGDGD|G/D/G/D/G/D/G/D/G/D/G/D/G/D/G/D/|

Dotted notes

M:4/4 |(G12|G4)|G5G2|G3GG3G|G3/2G/2G3/2G/2G3/2G/2G3/2G/2|

Triplets

M:4/4 |(3G4A4B4|(3G2A2B2 (3G2A2B2| (3GAB (3GAB (3GAB (3GAB|

Other tuplets

M:4/4 |(5G2A2B2c2d2|(7CDEFGAB|

Rests

M:4/4 |z8|z4z4|z2z2z2z2|zzzzzzzz|z/z/z/z/z/z/z/z/z/z/z/z/z/z/z/z/|

J.S.Bach Prelude

String technique instructions

Alexander Scriabin - Piano Concerto in F sharp minor, Op. 20