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Audio Programming
List of most notable audio programming languages
  • ABC notation, a language for notating music using the ASCII character set
  • Bol Processor, a model of formal grammars enriched with polymetric expressions for the representation of time structures
  • ChucK, strongly timed, concurrent, and on-the-fly audio programming language
  • Real-time Cmix, a MUSIC-N synthesis language somewhat similar to Csound
  • Cmajor, a high-performance JIT-compiled C-style language for DSP
  • Common Lisp Music (CLM), a music synthesis and signal processing package in the Music V family
  • Csound, a MUSIC-N synthesis language released under the LGPL with many available unit generators
  • Elementary audio, a JavaScript library for digital audio signal processing. Generate and transform sound, both natively and in the browser with a functional, declarative API.
  • Extempore, a live-coding environment that borrows a core foundation from the Impromptu environment
  • FAUST, Functional Audio Stream, a functional compiled language for efficient real-time audio signal processing
  • GLICOL, a graph-oriented live coding language written in Rust
  • Hierarchical Music Specification Language (HMSL), optimized more for music than synthesis, developed in the 1980s in Forth
  • Impromptu, a Scheme language environment for Mac OS X capable of sound and video synthesis, algorithmic composition, and 2D and 3D graphics programming
  • Ixi lang, a programming language for live coding musical expression.
  • JFugue, a Java and JVM library for programming music that outputs to MIDI and has the ability to convert to formats including ABC Notation, Lilypond, and MusicXML
  • jMusic
  • JSyn
  • Keykit, a programming language and portable graphical environment for MIDI music composition
  • Kyma (sound design language)
  • LilyPond, a computer program and file format for music engraving.
  • Max/MSP, a proprietary, modular visual programming language aimed at sound synthesis for music
  • Music Macro Language (MML), often used to produce chiptune music in Japan
  • MUSIC-N, includes versions I, II, III, IV, IV-B, IV-BF, V, 11, and 360
  • Nyquist
  • OpenMusic
  • Orca (music programming language), a two-dimensional esoteric programming language in which every letter of the alphabet is an operator, where lowercase letters operate on bang, uppercase letters operate each frame
  • Pure Data, a modular visual programming language for signal processing aimed at music creation
  • Tidal Cycles, a live coding environment for algorithmic patterns, written in Haskell and using Supercollider for synthesis
  • Reaktor
  • Sonic Pi
  • Structured Audio Orchestra Language (SAOL), part of the MPEG-4 Structured Audio standard
  • SuperCollider
  • SynthEdit, a modular visual programming language for signal processing aimed at creating audio plug-ins